1882-1974 Alexander Young Jackson, born in Montreal. He began in his youth to work for the lithographing house. Studied art with Edmond Dyonnet and William Brymner at the Monument National, Montreal. Went to Europe in 1905 and visited Paris and
Rotterdam. In Chicago (1906-1907) he worked at advertising design and attended evening classes at the Art Institute. Made his second trip to Europe, 1907-1909, studying at Julian's in Paris and travelling in France, Italy, and Holland. Returned to
Montreal and painted at Sweetsburg, Quebec, in 1910. Third trip to Europe, 1911-1913; painted in Brittany, Paris, Etaples, England, and Italy. In 1913 he painted at Georgian Bay and settled in Toronto. Went to Algonquin park with Tom Thomson in 1914.
Served in the army from 1915 and painted for the Canadian War Memorials, 1917-1919. Returned to Toronto and began to paint in Algoma (1919), the lower St Lawrence (1921), Jasper Park (1924), British Columbia (1926), the Arctic (1927, 192, 1930), &c.
Visited Europe in 1936. Taught at the Banff Summer School, 1943-1949. Painted on the Alaska Highway, 1943. Original member of the Group of Seven, 1920, and of the Canadian Group of Painters, 1933. A.R.C.A. in 1914, R.C.A. in 1919 (resigned in 1933 but
reinstated 1953). LL.D. (Queen's), 1941; (McMaster), 1953; (Carleton), 1957. C.M.G. in 1946. Lived in Toronto until 1955 when he moved to Manotick, Ontario, near Ottawa.